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About the Fire Sprinkler Initiative


Did you know that 80 percent of all fire deaths occur in the home? And that if you have a fire in your home, the risk of dying decreases by about 80% when sprinklers are present?

Jim Pauley, president of the National Fire Protection Association, gives an overview of NFPA's Fire Sprinkler Initiative.

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)'s Fire Sprinkler Initiative aims to increase the number of new, one- and two-family homes protected by sprinklers. Launched in 2009 at the request of fire service officials and other sprinkler advocates, the advocacy campaign helps stakeholders navigate the code-making and legislative process to get sprinkler requirements in new homes passed in their communities. This website offers an array of free research and resources that help sprinkler advocates underscore the life-saving impact of home fire sprinklers. NFPA also assists sprinkler coalitions in convincing the public, code-adopting bodies, and legislators that sprinklers are needed in homes, where people have the greatest risk of dying from fire. These resources are complemented by NFPA's social media channels that disseminate news underscoring the home fire problem, sprinkler saves, and tactics for successful advocacy and sprinkler adoption.

Home Fire Sprinklers are a Code Requirement

For years, fire sprinkler provisions have been in building codes. The 2006 edition of  NFPA 5000, Building Construction and Safety Code®, included a "first-of-its kind requirement in a U.S. building code for home fire sprinklers in one- and two-family dwellings." Subsequent editions of NFPA 5000 have retained this requirement.

The 2006 edition of the International Code Council's (ICC) International Residential Code included an optional sprinkler provision in its appendix. ICC members voted to make sprinklers a requirement in the IRC's 2009 edition, a decision that was appealed and later reaffirmed during a 2009 public hearing before the Residential Building Code Committee. The 2012, 2015, and 2018 editions have also retained the sprinkler requirement. Today, all U.S. model building codes include sprinkler requirements for all new, one- and two-family homes. Homes constructed without sprinklers lack a crucial element of fire protection.