Fire concerns of today's homes
Enter the modern home, a spacious oasis filled with creature comforts. Marvel at the open floor plan. Relax in overstuffed, upholstered furniture. Feel good knowing that the home was made with construction practices friendly to the environment. What you can't see, however, is how these components all play a part in creating home fires that burn faster than ever before.
NFPA's Fire Sprinkler Initiative offers the following resources underscoring these fire concerns.
Research shows that today's homebuilding materials under fire can impact firefighter safety. Studies point to the fire failure of unprotected, lightweight engineered wood systems routinely used in floors and roofs of new homes.
Many of today's homes are made with synthetic materials—upholstery stuffed with combustible polyurethane foam, for example—that burn quicker than "legacy" furnishings made of leather, wool, and cotton. Studies have confirmed that rooms filled with synthetic furniture that are set on fire reach dangerous temperatures quicker than similar rooms filled with legacy furnishings. NFPA's report, "Home Fires That Began With Upholstered Furniture,"
describes some alarming outcomes. For instance:
- From 2010 to 2014, there was an average of 5,630 home structure fires per year in which upholstered furniture was the first item ignited. These fires caused an annual average of 440 civilian fire deaths, 700 civilian fire injuries, and $269 million in direct property damage
- On average, one out of every 13 reported upholstered furniture fires resulted in death
- Overall, fires beginning with upholstered furniture accounted for 18 percent of home fire deaths
Free Webinar: Fire Concerns With Today's Homes
While more economical and environmentally friendly, modern homebuilding materials and the synthetic contents filling our homes pose challenges when exposed to fire. NFPA's Fire Sprinkler Initiative hosted a webinar underscoring the modern home environment and why home fire sprinklers play a crucial role in safeguarding residents from death and injury. Login to Xchange, NFPA's online community, or register for free to watch this informative video.
Free Presentation: The Threats of Unprotected, Lightweight Construction and Modern Furnishings to Firefighters
NFPA has created a popular presentation aimed at educating community decision makers and the public about the fire concerns with modern homes. The presentation, "The Threats of Lightweight Construction and Modern Furnishings to Firefighters," includes recent case studies of fire deaths in new homes, fire statistics, and a section on the growing dangers of today's home furnishings. The presentation also includes news stories underscoring threats to firefighter and homeowner safety and how home fire sprinklers reduce these risks.